Birthmarks are generally the result of over-pigmentation of the skin and are often present at birth or develop soon after. They come in a variety of sizes, shapes, and colors, and are grouped into different categories, depending on their features.
If you are born with a mole, it is considered a birthmark. They are generally brown, pink, skin-colored or black. Sometimes they are smooth but oftentimes they are slightly raised above the skin. As always, if you notice a mole that itches, bleeds, changes shape or color, or grows dramatically, you should see a board-certified dermatologist immediately, as these are signs that the mole may be skin cancer.
Café Au Lait Spots
Café au lait spots are the color of coffee with milk on light skin and darker on darker skin. They can fade over time but often never go away completely.
Hemagiomas that appear on the top of your skin are often called “strawberries” because they resemble the fruit in both color and shape. Ones that occur under the skin can appear bluish. Both kinds may grow over time or flatten.
Port Wine Stains
Port Wine Stains are called such because they look as if someone spilled wine or grape juice on the skin. They are generally flush with the skin and cover more than an eraser-sized area and can appear very splotchy. They will not go away and may grow as a child ages.
Treatments for Birthmarks
Most birthmarks will not go away on their own and some can have a higher risk of developing into cancer. If you have any questions about birthmarks on you or your child, we encourage you to schedule a consultation at Dermatologic Cosmetic & Plastic Surgery. Our doctors can diagnose your birthmark and provide you with options that can help lessen the appearance or, in some cases totally eradicate, birthmarks. These options range from topical creams to laser treatments to surgical excision.